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Ang Russia at Iran ay nakatakdang pagsamahin ang bilateral na relasyon

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The visit of the new Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi to Russia on January 19-20 took place at a difficult time for the two countries. Moscow is experiencing the most serious crisis in relations with the West and NATO in recent decades, both in connection with Russia’s demands to provide it with security guarantees, as well as in the light of propaganda hysteria around Ukraine. Tehran, in turn, is conducting dramatic negotiations in Vienna around the so-called Joint Comprehensive Plan of Actions (JCPOA) related to the country’s nuclear program. The success or failure of this process will be of crucial importance for Iran itself, the region, and the world as a whole, sumulat si Alexi Ivanov, tagbalita sa Moscow.

According to many world politicians and experts, both states – Russia and Iran – face the most difficult choice in their modern history: to guarantee peace for their countries or to slide into the abyss of a large-scale confrontation, including military one.

Tehran highly values relations with Moscow, which has become especially characteristic for the new leadership of Iran after the election of President Raisi in August 2021. In addition to broad political cooperation in the region – Syria, Afghanistan – both countries are dynamically developing economic and military co-operation.

Iran is actively involved in regional cooperation in Central Asia, in particular through the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, which has become largely possible thanks to Russia’s support.

Ang lahat ng mga diskarte ng Iran tungo sa karagdagang pakikipagtulungan sa Russia ay muling ipinahayag ng Pangulo ng Raisi sa Moscow.

During the talks with his Iranian vis-a-vis, Russian President Vladimir Putin said that, despite the pandemic, the development of trade between Russia and Iran continues. The Russian leader noted that in 2020 there was “a small, but still an increase in trade turnover of over 6%.

“And last year (2019) there was a record 38% growth,” Putin stressed.

The head of the Russian state also recalled that Russia and Iran are implementing major projects “in many areas.”

anunsyo

Mas maaga, ang Kremlin press service ay nag-ulat na ang mga Pangulo ng Russia at Iran, Vladimir Putin at Ibrahim Raisi, sa isang pulong sa Moscow ay tinalakay ang pagpapatupad ng magkasanib na mga proyekto sa ekonomiya, internasyonal at rehiyonal na mga paksa, pati na rin ang pagpapatupad ng Pinagsamang komprehensibong plano ng aksyon sa Iranian nuclear program (JCPOA).

A few days before Ebrahim Raisi’s visit to Moscow, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and his Iranian counterpart Amir Abdollahian discussed by phone the situation around the JCPOA in the context of the 8th round of negotiations resumed at the end of December 2021 in Vienna to restore the full implementation of the “nuclear deal”.

Sinabi noon ni Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov na may tunay na pag-unlad sa isyu ng pagpapanumbalik ng Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) sa Iranian nuclear program. 

“I would still take a more realistic position on the Iranian nuclear program. There is real progress there, there is a real desire, first of all between Iran and the United States, to understand specific concerns, to understand how these concerns can be taken into account in a common package. It can only be a package solution, just as the nuclear deal itself was a package solution,” Lavrov said in an interview a few days ago. 

Inaasahan ng Moscow na makakamit ang isang kasunduan. Mahalaga na ang Iran ay "maging makatotohanan at makipagtulungan sa IAEA, at hindi sinubukan ng mga negosyador ng Kanluran na lumikha ng sikolohikal na pag-igting", opisyal na mga mapagkukunan sa ulat ng Moscow.

Kamakailan, ang Estados Unidos at Iran ay parehong naging pessimistic tungkol sa mga pagkakataong muling buhayin ang 2015 Iran nuclear deal, kung saan sinabi ng Washington na wala itong dahilan para sa optimismo at ang Tehran ay nagtatanong sa determinasyon ng mga negosyador ng US at European.

Dinala ni Pangulong Raisi ang isang kahanga-hangang delegasyon para sa dalawang araw na pagbisita. Tinalakay nila ang kooperasyon sa pulitika, ekonomiya at larangan ng militar. Samakatuwid, ang mga unang salita ng pangulo ng Iran ay tungkol sa katotohanan na nakikita niya ang mga relasyon sa Russian Federation bilang "pangmatagalan at estratehiko".

In the course of his meeting with President Putin, the Iranian President said that he had brought with him a “document” that contains provisions on strategic cooperation for the next 20 years. Experts believe that this project is in many ways similar to the previously signed long-term agreement for 25 years between Iran and China. The document, in particular, involves attracting investments in economic projects in Iran.

Iniulat na sa pagbisita ni Raisi, ang mga partido ay sumang-ayon na lumikha ng isang roadmap upang makamit ang "ang pinakamataas na antas ng bilateral na kooperasyon".

“We want our relations with Russia to be strong and comprehensive. These relations will not be short-term or positional, but permanent and strategic,” Raisi said at a meeting with Vladimir Putin.

President Raisi complained that “the current level of trade and economic relations is not satisfactory.” According to the Iranian president, Russia and Iran can expand trade and economic ties and increase volumes several times.

Speaking at the plenary session of the State Duma (parliament of Russia), Raisi said that “Iran is not engaged in the creation of nuclear weapons”, noting that this is not provided for by the defense strategy of the state. The Iranian president also predicted the “disintegration” of NATO, saying that the alliance “is engaged in penetration into the geographical spaces of countries under various pretexts and cover, threatening independent states.” Such a tough approach by the head of Iran to the activities of the North Atlantic Alliance in the world did not come as a surprise to Russian experts and analysts, although there were no official comments on this from Moscow.

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