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Bosnia and Herzegovina

Pinataguyod ang kombiksyon ng Genocide laban sa dating pinuno ng militar ng Bosnian Serb na si Mladic

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Pinataguyod ng mga hukom ng mga krimen sa United Nations noong Martes (Hunyo 8) ang isang pagpatay sa genocide at parusang buhay laban sa dating kumander ng militar ng Bosnian na Serb na si Ratko Mladic, na kinukumpirma ang kanyang pangunahing papel sa pinakapangit na kalupitan ng Europa mula noong Ikalawang Digmaang Pandaigdig, magsulat Anthony Deutsch at Stephanie Van Den Berg.

Mladic, 78, led Bosnian Serb forces during Bosnia’s 1992-95 war. He was convicted in 2017 on charges of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes including terrorising the civilian population of the Bosnian capital Sarajevo during a 43-month siege, and the killing of more than 8,000 Muslim men and boys taken prisoner in the eastern town of Srebrenica in 1995.

“His name should be consigned to the list of history’s most depraved and barbarous figures,” chief tribunal prosecutor Serge Brammertz said after the verdict. He urged all officials in the ethnically divided region of former Yugoslavia to condemn the ex-general.

Si Mladic, na sumalungat sa kapwa nagkasala na hatol at parusang buhay sa paglilitis sa kanya, ay nagsuot ng dress shirt at itim na suit at tumayo na nakatingin sa sahig habang binasa ang husgado ng pag-apela sa korte sa The Hague.

The appeals chamber “dismisses Mladic appeal in its entirety…, dismisses the prosecution’s appeal in its entirety…, affirms the sentence of life imprisonment imposed on Mladic by the trial chamber,” presiding judge Prisca Nyambe said.

The outcome caps 25 years of trials at the ad hoc International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, which convicted 90 people. The ICTY is one of the predecessors of the International Criminal Court, the world’s first permanent war crimes court, also seated in The Hague.

“I hope that with this Mladic judgment children in (Bosnia’s Serb-run entity) Republika Srpska and children in Serbia who are living in lies will read this, ” Munira Subasic, whose son and husband were killed by Serb forces that overran Srebrenica, said after the ruling, highlighting Serb genocide denial.

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Maraming Serbs pa rin ang isinasaalang-alang ang Mladic bilang isang bayani, hindi isang kriminal.

Post-war Bosnian Serb leader Milorad Dodik, now chairing Bosnia’s tripartite inter-ethnic presidency, denounced the verdict. “It’s clear to us there is an attempt here to create a myth about genocide that never occurred,” Dodik said.

‘HISTORIC JUDGMENT’

Ang Bosnian Serb General Ratko Mladic ay ginabayan ng isang opisyal ng French Foreign Legion sa pagdating niya sa isang pagpupulong na hinanda ng kumander ng Pransya ng UN na si Heneral Philippe Morillon sa paliparan sa Sarajevo, Bosnia at Herzegovina noong Marso, 1993. Kunan ng larawan noong Marso, 1993. REUTERS / Chris Helgren
Mga kilos ng dating pinuno ng militar ng Bosnian na si Ratko Mladic bago ipahayag ang kanyang hatol sa pag-apela sa UN International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals (IRMCT) sa The Hague, Netherlands Hunyo 8, 2021. Peter Dejong / Pool via REUTERS
Ang isang babaeng Muslim na Bosnian ay tumutugon habang hinihintay niya ang huling hatol ng dating pinuno ng militar ng Bosnian Serb na si Ratko Mladic sa Srebrenica-Potocari Genocide Memorial Center, Bosnia at Herzegovina, Hunyo 8, 2021. REUTERS / Dado Ruvic

Sa Washington, pinuri ng White House ang gawain ng mga tribunal ng UN sa paghatid sa mga nahatulan ng mga krimen sa digmaan sa hustisya.

“This historic judgment shows that those who commit horrific crimes will be held accountable. It also reinforces our shared resolve to prevent future atrocities from occurring anywhere in the world,” it said in a statement.

Sinabi ng mga hukom ng apela na si Mladic, na matapos ang kanyang pag-akusa sa ICTY ay isang tumakas sa loob ng 16 na taon hanggang sa makuha siya noong 2011, ay mananatili sa kustodiya sa The Hague habang isinasagawa ang pagsasaayos para sa kanyang paglipat sa isang estado kung saan siya ay maghatid ng kanyang sentensya. Hindi pa alam kung aling bansa ang kukuha sa kanya.

Ang mga abogado para kay Mladic ay nagtalo na ang dating heneral ay hindi maaaring managot para sa mga posibleng krimen na ginawa ng kanyang mga nasasakupan. Humingi sila ng kapatawaran o muling paglilitis.

Prosecutors had asked the appeals panel to uphold Mladic’s conviction and life sentence in full.

They also wanted him to be found guilty of an additional charge of genocide over a campaign of ethnic cleansing – a drive to expel Bosnian Muslims, Croats and other non-Serbs in order to carve out a Greater Serbia – in the early years of the war that included brutal detention camps that shocked the world.

That prosecution appeal was also dismissed. The 2017 verdict found that the ethnic cleansing campaign amounted to persecution – a crime against humanity – but not genocide.

Ang pinuno ng mga karapatang pantao ng United Nations na si Michelle Bachelet ay nagsabi noong Martes na ang panghuling pagpapasiya ng Mladic ay nangangahulugang pinagsabihan siya ng international justice system.

“Mladic’s crimes were the abhorrent culmination of hatred stoked for political gain,” Bachelet said in a statement.

The lower ICTY court ruled Mladic was part of “a criminal conspiracy” with Bosnian Serb political leaders. It also found he was in “direct contact” with then-Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic, who died in 2006 shortly before the verdict in his own ICTY trial for genocide and crimes against humanity.

Si Mladic ay hinatulan na may gampanan na mapagpasyang papel sa ilan sa mga pinakapangilabot na krimen na ginawa sa lupa ng Europa mula pa noong Nazi Holocaust ng Ikalawang Digmaang Pandaigdig.

The tribunal determined that Mladic was pivotal in the Srebrenica slaughter – which occurred in a UN-designated “safe area” for civilians -since he controlled both the military and police units involved.

Pinagsamang Pahayag ng Mataas na Kinatawan na si Josep Borrell at Komisyoner na si Olivér Várhelyi sa pagsentensya kay Ratko Mladic para sa pagpatay ng lahi

Ang pangwakas na paghuhukom sa kaso ni Ratko Mladić ng International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals (IRMCT) ay nagtapos sa isang pangunahing pagsubok sa kamakailang kasaysayan ng Europa para sa mga krimen sa giyera, kasama na ang genocide, na naganap sa Bosnia at Herzegovina.

“Remembering those who lost their lives, our deepest sympathies are with their loved ones and those who survived. This judgement will contribute to the healing for all those who suffered.

“The EU expects all political actors in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in the Western Balkans to demonstrate full cooperation with international tribunals, respect their decisions and acknowledge their independence and impartiality.

“Genocide denial, revisionism and glorification of war criminals contradict the most fundamental European values. Today’s decision is an opportunity for leaders in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the region, in view of the facts, to lead the way in honouring victims and promote an environment conducive to reconciliation to overcome the legacies of the war and build lasting peace. 

“This is a prerequisite for the stability and security of the Bosnia and Herzegovina and fundamental for its EU path. It is also amongst the 14 key priorities of the Commission Opinion on Bosnia and Herzegovina’s EU membership application.

“International and domestic courts in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in the neighbouring countries need to continue their mission to provide justice for all victims of war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide, and their family members. There can be no impunity.”

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