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Ang #EESC at #ILO upang paigtingin ang pagtutulungan sa pagbuo ng kinabukasan ng trabaho na naaayon sa aming mga halaga

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Noong 19 Pebrero, ang European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) ay ginanap ang isang debate sa International Labor Organization (ILO) sa hinaharap ng trabaho at ang European Pillar of Social Rights, na may layunin ng paggalugad ng karagdagang mga paraan para sa kooperasyon at pagtapak up ng mga pagsisikap upang gawin ang mabilis na pagbabago ng mundo ng trabaho patas, disente at inclusive para sa mga henerasyon na darating.

The debate was held in Brussels at the plenary session of the EESC, the EU body representing Europe’s civil society. The EESC welcomed the ILO’s Director-General Guy Ryder, who presented the ILO Centenary Deklarasyon para sa Hinaharap ng Trabaho, na kung saan ay pinagtibay ng International Labor Conference sa 2019, ang taon na minarkahan din ng 100 taon ng pagkakaroon nito.

Sa kanyang malugod na pagbati kay G. Ryder, binati ng EESC president na si Luca Jahier ang ILO sa 100 nitoth anibersaryo at ang mga dekada nito-sumasaklaw ng mga natatanging papel sa serbisyo ng pag-unlad ng lipunan.

“Let me also applaud the ILO’s great achievements on the Future of Work Centenary initiative. The ILO has enabled rich discussions on the future of work and the society we live in,” Jahier said.

He also stressed the EESC’s engagement in the ongoing discussions on the future of work.

“The EESC has always said – and has been heard at the highest levels – that the issues related to the future of work should be a key priority for the EU to ensure sustainable growth and prosperity in Europe,” Jahier said.

Sa pagtugon sa plenaryo, sinabi ni Ryder na ang ILO ay nagtakda ng sarili nitong gawain ng paggawa kung paano mahuhubog ang isang hinaharap na trabaho alinsunod sa aming mga halaga. Ang kasalukuyang mga kalagayan ay ginagarantiyahan ang higit na mga pagsisikap, bilang kawalan ng katiyakan at pagtaas ng pagkadismaya sa mga naitatag na patakaran at tagagawa ng patakaran, pati na rin ang takot at reticence ay nananatiling pangunahing sentimento kapag itinuturing ng mga tao ang kanilang mga hinaharap sa trabaho.

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“The Declaration calls on the ILO and all its member states to put people and the work they do at the heart of economic, social and environmental policies. It calls for human-centred policies to shape the future of work, with a focus on economic security, equal opportunities and social justice,” Ryder maintained.

Ang Deklarasyon ay nakasalalay sa tatlong mga haligi ng pagkilos na sumasaklaw, bukod sa iba pang mga aspeto, pag-aaral sa buong buhay, pagkakapantay-pantay ng kasarian, tinitiyak at pamumuhunan sa disenteng at napapanatiling gawain sa hinaharap, pati na rin ang unibersal na pag-access sa proteksyon sa lipunan, na ngayon ay tinanggihan sa tatlong quarter ng ang pandaigdigang manggagawa.

The Council of the EU has already adopted the conclusions to implement the ILO’s Declaration, which – according to Ryder – in itself set an extensive agenda for ILO-EU co-operation in the years ahead.

Sinabi ni Ryder na ang deklarasyon ng Centenary ay nagbigay ng maraming pagkakatulad sa European Pillar of Social Rights. Ang dalawa ay naaayon din sa UN 2030 Agenda sa Sustainable Development, na makakaapekto rin sa kung paano tinukoy ang trabaho.

According to him, “the Pillar’s 20 principles are aligned with the values and normative framework of the ILO.” The two are at the same time “the products of decades of shared values and cooperation, and an incitation for us to work even more closely together in the future”.

Ryder maglagay ng isang espesyal na diin sa pagbuo ng isang EU balangkas para sa minimum na sahod at minimum na kita at sa kolektibong bargaining, kung saan ang EESC ay maaaring gumawa ng isang mahalagang kontribusyon.

“I believe that your Committee has a pivotal role to play in assuring that collective bargaining and social dialogue remain indispensable tools of the European project,” he said. “Fully protecting the place of collective bargaining in the determination of wages and other terms of employment is crucial.”

Now that the Pillar has been made an integral part of the new Commission’s ambitious growth strategy – the European Green Deal, Ryder also emphasized that the transition to carbon neutrality in 2050 must be just, credible and inclusive.

“Many people worry about getting to the end of the month more than about the end of the planet. This is why we must make the transition credible at the level of social justice; we must not leave the people behind. It is not about designing the future for people, but with them,” he said, adding that he believed the EESC was ideally positioned to do the “engineering work” of the just transition.

Jahier spoke about the EESC’s multiple contributions to help improve the implementation of the Social Pillar, put forward in several recent opinions. It was also preparing to work on the new Commission’s proposals that should further implement the Pillar, including on decent minimum wages, skills agenda, platform work and others.

“It therefore makes sense for us to intensify cooperation between our two organisations. Possible opportunities that come to mind could be the EESC opinions on ILO conventions setting global employment and social standards or cooperation regarding relations with non-EU countries,” the EESC president concluded.

In an exchange of views between EESC members and Ryder, the president of the EESC’s Workers’ Group, Oliver Röpke, said: “The key question in the 21st century remains how we can ensure that the future of work delivers fair opportunities to all in a global economy radically changed by free trade and deregulation, climate change and digitalization.”

Speaking on behalf of the EESC’s Employers’ Group, Stefano Mallia said: “Implementation of the European Pillar of Social Rights should be about demonstrating that the EU and Member States are capable of delivering proper responses to the challenges we are facing. This must be done in full respect of the division of competences and the principle of subsidiarity.”

Giuseppe Guerini of the EESC’s Diversity Europe Group spoke about the importance of the social economy, which was also broached by the ILO. “The economic sustainability of work depends on our ability to give work to all,” Guerini said.

Shortly before the plenary session, the EESC’s Vice-president for Communication, Isabel Caño Aguilar, opened the exhibition on ‘100 years of Social Protection with the ILO’. The exhibition celebrates the ILO’s centenary and explores the establishment and evolution of social protection systems around the world since 1919.

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