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#EuropeanCitizensInitiative – Commission registers three new initiatives and determines one as inadmissible

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The European Commission has decided to register three new European citizens’ initiatives: ‘A price for carbon to fight climate change’, ‘Grow scientific progress: crops matter!’, and ‘Let’s put an end to the era of plastic in Europe’. The Commission also determined that it cannot register a proposed European citizens’ initiative entitled ‘EU law, minority rights and democratisation of Spanish institutions’ as it does not invite the Commission to make a proposal for a legal act.

Sa yugtong ito sa proseso, hindi sinuri ng Komisyon ang sangkap ng mga pagkukusa, ngunit ang kanilang ligal na pagkakahawak lamang. Kung ang alinman sa tatlong rehistradong pagkukusa ay makatanggap ng 1 milyong mga pahayag ng suporta mula sa hindi bababa sa pitong mga miyembrong estado sa loob ng isang taon, susuriin at isasagot ng Komisyon ang hakbangin. Ang Komisyon ay maaaring magpasya alinman na sundin ang kahilingan o hindi, at sa parehong mga pagkakataon ay kinakailangan upang ipaliwanag ang pangangatuwiran nito.

1. ‘A price for carbon to fight climate change’

The organisers of the initiative call on the Commission ‘to propose EU legislation to discourage the consumption of fossil fuels, encourage energy saving and the use of renewable sources for fighting global warming and limiting temperature increase to 1.5°C’. The objective of the initiative is to introduce a minimum price on CO2 emissions, abolish the existing system of free allowances to EU polluters and introduce a border adjustment mechanism, while allocating the revenue from carbon pricing ‘to European policies that support energy saving and the use of renewable sources, and to the reduction of taxation on lower incomes’.

Sa ilalim ng Treaty ng EU, ang European Commission ay maaaring kumuha ng legal na pagkilos sa mga lugar ng pagkilos ng klima, kapaligiran, pagbubuwis at karaniwang patakaran sa komersyo. Samakatuwid isinasaalang-alang ng Komisyon ang inisyatiba na legal na matatanggap at nagpasya na irehistro ito. Ang pagpaparehistro ng inisyatibong ito ay gaganapin sa 22 Hulyo 2019, na nagsisimula sa isang isang taon na proseso ng koleksyon ng mga lagda ng suporta ng mga organizers nito.

2. ‘Grow scientific progress: crops matter!’

Ang mga organizers ng inisyatibong estado na Direktang 2001 / 18 / EC sa Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) is ‘outdated’ and ask for a revision of its rules concerning new plant breeding techniques (NPBT), with the objective of facilitating ‘the authorisation procedure for those products obtained through NPBTs’.

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Sa ilalim ng Treaty ng EU, ang European Commission ay maaaring kumuha ng legal na pagkilos sa lugar ng panloob na merkado at mga pahintulot ng produkto. Samakatuwid isinasaalang-alang ng Komisyon ang inisyatiba na legal na matatanggap at nagpasya na irehistro ito. Ang pagpaparehistro ng inisyatibong ito ay gaganapin sa 25 Hulyo 2019, simula ng isang proseso ng 1 na taon ng koleksyon ng mga lagda ng suporta ng mga organizers nito.

3. ‘Let’s put an end to the era of plastic in Europe’

The organisers of this initiative ‘call on the European Commission to revise the Directive on the impact of certain plastics on the environment with the aim of banning all single-use plastics in Europe’. The initiative aims to ban ‘all plastic packaging and bottles by 2027 so that concrete measures can begin to be put in place to respect the limits of our resources.’

Sa ilalim ng Treaty ng EU, ang European Commission ay maaaring kumuha ng legal na aksyon na may layunin na mapangalagaan, mapangalagaan at mapabuti ang kalidad ng kapaligiran. Samakatuwid isinasaalang-alang ng Komisyon ang inisyatiba na legal na matatanggap at nagpasya na irehistro ito. Ang pagpaparehistro ng inisyatibong ito ay gaganapin sa 26 Hulyo 2019, na nagsisimula sa isang isang taon na proseso ng koleksyon ng mga lagda ng suporta ng mga organizers nito.

4. ‘EU law, minority rights and democratisation of Spanish institutions’

Referring to events in the context of the movement for independence in Catalonia, the organisers of this initiative aim to ensure that ‘both the Commission and the Parliament are fully aware of the current situation in Spain […] and the need to set mechanisms in motion to help improve democratic standards in Spain, thereby guaranteeing the rights and freedoms of minority groups and of all Spanish citizens by means of EU law and instruments.’

More specifically, the initiative invites the Commission to examine the situation in Spain and take possible steps in the context of the Commission’s 2014 Communication ‘A new Framework to strengthen the Rule of Law’. Under that framework, the Commission can enter into a dialogue with a Member State to prevent the emerging of a systemic threat to the rule of law. However, the initiative does not invite the Commission to submit a proposal for a legal act, which is the sole purpose of European Citizens’ Initiatives.

The Commission has therefore concluded that the initiative manifestly falls outside the Commission’s powers to propose a legal act for implementing the EU Treaties, and is therefore inadmissible.

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European citizens’ initiatives were introduced with the Lisbon Treaty and launched in April 2012, upon the entry into force of the European citizens’ initiative Regulation, which implements the Treaty provisions. In 2017, as part of President Juncker’s State of the Union address, the European Commission tabled reform proposals for the European citizens’ initiative upang gawin itong mas maraming user-friendly. Sa Disyembre 2018, ang European Parlamento at ang Konseho ay sumang-ayon sa reporma at ang mga binagong panuntunan ay magsisimulang mag-aplay sa 1 Enero 2020.

In the meantime, the process has been simplified and a collaborative platform offers support to organisers. All this has contributed to 30% more registered citizens’ initiatives (38 registrations under the Juncker Commission compared to 29 under the previous Commission) and 80% fewer refusals (only 5 citizens’ initiatives were not registered under this Commission compared to 20 under the previous Commission).

Once formally registered, a European citizens’ initiative allows 1 million citizens from at least 7 of the member states to invite the European Commission to propose a legal act in areas where the Commission has the power to do so.

The conditions for admissibility are that the proposed action does not manifestly fall outside the framework of the Commission’s powers to submit a proposal for a legal act, that it is not manifestly abusive, frivolous or vexatious and that it is not manifestly contrary to the values of the Union.

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Full text of the proposed European Citizens’ Initiatives:

  • Ang isang presyo para sa carbon upang labanan ang pagbabago ng klima (magagamit bilang 22 Hulyo 2019) http://stopglobalwarming.eu/
  • Lumago ang pang-agham na pag-unlad (available sa 25 July 2019) www.growscientificprogress.org 
  • Let’s put an end to the era of plastic in Europe (available as of 26 July 2019)
  • Batas sa EU, mga karapatan sa minorya at demokratisasyon ng mga institusyong Espanyol

Kasalukuyang kinokolekta ng ECI ang mga lagda

ECI website

ECI Regulation

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